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Where stress is not controlled and the individual and organisation suffers, the following may be observed:

Effects on people may include:


  • Sleep disturbances
  • Headaches
  • Gastrointestinal upset
  • Raised blood pressure/cardiovascular disease


  • Anxiety and irritability
  • Depression
  • Labile emotions


  • Loss of concentration
  • Lack of motivation
  • Difficulty with thought process
  • Loss of memory
  • Poor decision-making


  • Substance (including alcohol) misuse
  • Decreased libido
  • Inappropriate display of behaviour
  • Isolation
  • Unpunctuality

Effects on the organisation may include:

  • High absenteeism
  • High labour turnover
  • Poor time keeping
  • Poor performance and productivity
  • Low morale
  • Poor motivation
  • Increased employee complaints
  • Increased ill-health, accidents and incidents reports